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Xwarinên Ji bo Stresê: Klinîka Vegera El Paso

Xwarinên Ji bo Stresê: Klinîka Vegera El Paso

Maintaining a healthy and well-balanced nutritional plan is recommended for overall health. When the body is nourished healthily, it will perform optimally. Stress is part of daily life, and certain foods can enhance the body’s ability to handle stress, help target physical and emotional states, and protect the brain. The Injury Medical Chiropractic and Functional Medicine Clinic Team can provide therapeutic massage to increase circulation, and relax the mind and body, adjustments to restore any misalignments, and nutritional support and health coaching for total wellness.

Foods For Stress: EP Chiropractic Functional Team

Foods For Stress

Meraq is a widespread condition affecting millions of individuals. Trying to lower stress levels includes self-care, sleep management, physical activity, and incorporating foods to reduce cortisol levels, the primary hormone responsible for stress.


Cortisol has a variety of functions that include:

  • Manages how the body uses carbohydrates, fats, and proteins.
  • Sleep cycle regulation.
  • Blood pressure regulation.
  • Sugarekirê xwînê zêde dike.
  • Decreases inflammation.

Cortisol is sometimes known as the stress hormone because the glandê adrenal releases it when experiencing stress or when the body is under physical stress/inflammation. It is the key to managing the fight-or-flight instinct and is healthy for a short period as a protective mechanism providing the energy needed to respond to short-term stress. However, the long-term release of cortisol generates tension in the body, leading to chronic inflammation and raised blood pressure. Learning how to birêvebirin is necessary for lowering cortisol levels.


Symptoms vary and are different for everybody.


  • Xûlq.
  • Pirsgirêkên Xew
  • Headaches.
  • Tengasiya masûlkeyê.
  • Jaw clenching.
  • Êş û jan.
  • Chronic illness from a weakened immune system.
  • Pirsgirêkên mîde an digestive.
  • Zexta xwîna bilind
  • Chest pain or a feeling like the heart is racing.
  • Deveriness.
  • Hejandin.

Emotional and mental

  • Irritability and or anxiousness.
  • Liberketinî.
  • Hişleqî.
  • Êrîşên panîkê.


The objective is to reduce inflammation, thus reducing cortisol levels. Recommended foods for stress include foods high in magnesium, vitamin B,  Omega-3 fatty acids, protein, and foods that benefit the gut. Li vir çend heb in.


Magnesium is highly beneficial in reducing inflammation, metabolizing cortisol, and relaxing the mind and body.

  • Çîkikek tarî
  • Bananas
  • Brokolî.
  • Îspenax.
  • Avokado.
  • Tovên gûzê.

Vitamin B

Vitamin B12 can help with the metabolism of cortisol.

Omega-3 Fatty Acid

These foods reduce inflammation.

  • Zeyta zeytûnan.
  • Avokado.
  • Masîyê ton.
  • Sardîn.
  • Skumbîl.
  • Sormasî
  • Ançik.
  • Oster.
  • Gûz.
  • Tovên Chia.
  • Tovên felq.


These foods promote balanced blood sugar levels.

  • Eggs.
  • Peanuts
  • Almonds.
  • Pêsîra mirîşkê.
  • Memikê Tirkiyê.
  • Beef bean.
  • Masîyê ton.
  • Kevcalê derya.
  • Sormasî.
  • Lentil.
  • Quinoa.

Probiotic and Fermented

The immune system relies on the gut for immunity. Probiotics and fermented foods can help balance blood sugar and reduce cholesterol.

  • Sauerkraut.
  • Kombucha.
  • Yogurt
  • Kefir
  • Kimchi.

The key to lowering stress is a whole-body approach that includes exercise, proper sleep, and managing chronic diseases like diabetes, hypertension, and obesity, all of which can put the body in a prolonged state of kûl. Incorporating these foods into a nutritional plan can help relieve stress naturally.

Bandora Stresê


Aucoin, Monique, and Sukriti Bhardwaj. “Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Hypoglycemia Symptoms Improved with Diet Modification.” Case reports in psychiatry vol. 2016 (2016): 7165425. doi:10.1155/2016/7165425

Errisuriz, Vanessa L et al. “Perceived stress and dietary choices: The moderating role of stress management.” Eating behaviors vol. 22 (2016): 211-216. doi:10.1016/j.eatbeh.2016.06.008

Norwitz, Nicholas G, and Uma Naidoo. “Nutrition as Metabolic Treatment for Anxiety.” Frontiers in psychiatry vol. 12 598119. 12 Feb. 2021, doi:10.3389/fpsyt.2021.598119

Serafini, Mauro, û Ilaria Peluso. "Xwarinên Fonksiyonel Ji Bo Tenduristiyê: Di Mirovan de Di Mirovan de Rola Antîoksîdan û Dij-Eflamasyonê ya Têkildar a Fêkî, Sebze, Giya, Biharat û Kakao." Sêwirana dermansaziya heyî vol. 22,44 (2016): 6701-6715. doi:10.2174/1381612823666161123094235

Zellner, Debra A et al. “Food selection changes under stress.” Physiology & behavior vol. 87,4 (2006): 789-93. doi:10.1016/j.physbeh.2006.01.014

Lumbar Strain: El Paso Back Clinic

Lumbar Strain: El Paso Back Clinic

The lumbar/low back muscles support the upper body’s weight and are involved in moving, twisting, bending, pushing, pulling, and reaching. These repetitive actions can result in a lumbar strain, which is muscle damage or injury to the tendons or muscles of the lower back, causing spasms, soreness, and pain. A lumbar strain can be the source of severe pain symptoms; it can be debilitating and, if left untreated, can lead to chronic conditions. Injury Medical Chiropractic and Functional Medicine Clinic can relieve symptoms, realign the body, relax, rehabilitate, strengthen muscles, and restore function.

Lumbar Strain: EP's Chiropractic Injury Team

Lumbar Strain

The lumbar vertebra makes up the region of the spine in the lower back. Sudden injuries or overuse injuries can damage the tendons and muscles. Lumbar muscle strain is caused when the muscle fibers are abnormally stretched or torn. Lumbar strain can be acute/sudden or chronic/lingering. A strain that has been present for days or weeks is referred to as acute. It is considered chronic if it has persisted for over three months. It can occur at any age but is most common in individuals in their forties. Increased risk factors can include:

  • Weakened back or abdominal muscles can cause
  • Tight hamstrings can pull the low back muscles down.
  • Excessive lower back curvature.
  • Forward-tilted pelvis.


Lumbar kedxwarî can have varied signs and symptoms depending on the location, damage, and cause of injury. The damage can range from simple overstretching injuries to partial or complete tears of varying degrees. The tears cause inflammation in the surrounding area, resulting in back spasms and difficulty moving. A muscle spasm is a cramp caused by a sudden and involuntary contraction or twitch and can be one of the symptoms of a lumbar strain. Nîşaneyên din dikarin bibin:

  • Muscle spasms either with activity or when resting.
  • Stiffness in the low back.
  • Difficulty standing or walking, with slight relief when resting.
  • Trouble doing simple tasks like bending or climbing stairs.
  • Low back pain can radiate into the buttocks without affecting the legs.
  • The lower back may be tender and sore to the touch.
  • Kêmbûna hêza masûlkeyê.
  • Restricted or limited range of motion.
  • Inability to maintain healthy posture because of stiffness and/or pain.
  • Discomfort symptoms that persist.
  • Discomfort ranges from mild aches to sharp, debilitating pain.
  • Intermittent flare-ups.


There are often multiple underlying risk factors contributing to the injury or damage. A few of the most common causes:


Depending on the severity, a doctor or health care provider could recommend chiropractic treatment and physical therapy. The chiropractor will perform an evaluation, combined with the doctor’s diagnosis, to develop a customized/personalized treatment plan. Treatment may include:

  • Terapiya qeşa û germê
  • Massage to stimulate blood circulation
  • Percussive muscle stimulation
  • Pelvic traction
  • Ultrasound
  • Vebijêrin
  • Exercises to do at home for long-term relief.

It is a safe option to loosen tight back muscles, relieve pain, and promote lower back healing.

Spine Injuries In Sports


Ball, Aqûb R et al. "Di Werzîşê de Birîndarên Lumbar Spine: Vekolîna Wêje û Pêşniyarên Dermankirina Niha." Dermanê werzîşê - vol vekirî. 5,1 26. 24 Pûşper 2019, doi: 10.1186/s40798-019-0199-7

Domljan, Z et al. “Lumbalni strain-sindromi” [Lumbar strain syndromes]. Reumatizam vol. 38,5-6 (1991): 33-4.

Li, H et al. “Rehabilitation effect of exercise with soft tissue manipulation in patients with a lumbar muscle strain.” Nigerian journal of clinical practice vol. 20,5 (2017): 629-633. doi:10.4103/njcp.njcp_126_16

Williams, Whitney, and Noelle M Selkow. “Self-Myofascial Release of the Superficial Back Line Improves Sit-and-Reach Distance.” Journal of sport rehabilitation vol. 29,4 400-404. 18 Oct. 2019, doi:10.1123/jsr.2018-0306

Tevlîhevkirina Teknîka MET Ji bo Xewek Baştir

Tevlîhevkirina Teknîka MET Ji bo Xewek Baştir


The body needs a good amount of rest after being in heraket throughout the day in the form of sleep. Whether the body has been doing errands, standing, running, or walking, many individuals need to rest for a few hours to promote muscle growth and mental recovery. To that point, a good hour and a half nap or a full 8-hours of sleep can do the body good. However, when faktorên hawirdorê or traumatic accidents start to affect the body, it can lead to nîşanên mîna êşê in the muscle groups that can disrupt the sleeping process and allow recovery to occur in the form of sleep. Fortunately, numerous treatment techniques and therapies restore the body and allow the musculoskeletal system to recover. Today’s article looks at how different sleeping positions correlate with the musculoskeletal system, how pain disorders affect a person’s sleep, and how the MET technique can provide better sleep. We provide valuable information about our patients to certified medical providers offering available therapy treatments like the MET technique for individuals dealing with poor sleep quality associated with musculoskeletal pain disorders. We encourage each patient appropriately by referring them to our associated medical providers based on their diagnosis results. We accept that education is a spectacular way when asking our providers the most crucial questions at the patient’s acknowledgment. Dr. Alex Jimenez, D.C., assesses this information as an educational service. Disclaimer


Sleeping Positions & The Musculoskeletal System

Have you been feeling muscle stiffness in certain areas of your body? Do you feel aches and pains in your low back when stretching? Or have you experienced headaches that seem to go away and come back after a nap? Many of these symptoms are associated with how your sleeping position affects your musculoskeletal system. Many of us have different sleeping positions to feel comfortable and get a full night of sleep. From sleeping on the sides (left or right), on the back, or the stomach, finding a comfortable position can make the musculoskeletal system feel weird. Lêkolînên lêkolînê diyar kirin that different body postures and movements during sleep have been associated with sleep quality and numerous health outcomes. So if an adult sleeps on their back or side, it could correlate with how much sleep their musculoskeletal system is getting for their mental and physical health. According to Leon Chaitow, N.D., D.O. and Judith Walker DeLany, L.M.T book, “Clinical Application of Neuromuscular Techniques,” stated that recovery of a normal sleep pattern is extremely important for the musculoskeletal system as it provides tissue repair and allows the pituitary glands to release growth hormones in the body while sleep is taking place at night. However, the book also mentions that sleep patterns can be easily disturbed by numerous factors that cause distress and pain to the body affecting the sleep cycle.


Pain Disorders Affecting Sleep


When environmental factors begin to affect how the body functions, it can lead to numerous issues and complaints to the musculoskeletal system that can affect a person’s ability to function over time. It could affect the person’s posture as the muscles are being overstretched, causing issues with the body’s functionality. Lêkolîn eşkere dikin that different habitual sleep postures or musculoskeletal disorders throughout the day could cause compressive load and muscle contractions on the spinal tissues causing them to become tight and leading to correlating risk factors to the musculoskeletal system. Additionally, environmental risk factors associated with pain can cause muscle weakness and contribute to musculoskeletal problems and imbalances that cause the muscle tissues to become short and tense while changing motor regulation and performance. This means that any muscles that have been overused and injuries can cause pain to the ligaments and joints of the body, leading to musculoskeletal pain and injuries that can affect a person’s quality of sleep.


The Secret Of Unlocking Mobility- Video

Have you been dealing with aches and pains in your muscles? Do you have issues with low back pain? Or do you feel your muscles tense when waking up from a good night’s rest? A good night’s sleep benefits the body’s musculoskeletal system by promoting tissue repair and growth. Many people dealing with musculoskeletal problems could affect their sleep cycle, causing pain-like symptoms in their bodies. When environmental factors or injuries occur to the musculoskeletal system, it can affect how a person sleeps and cause the muscles to become short and tense, leading to injuries over time. Luckily, available treatments are utilized to restore the body and stretch out the tight muscles to promote healing and help the individual to sleep better. The video above informs how chiropractic care can restore the body through spinal manipulation and allow mobility back to the different muscle groups. Many chiropractors would use various techniques to stretch the affected muscles and realign spinal subluxation in the body to help many individuals go throughout their day and have a better sleep.

The MET Technique & Better Sleep


When it comes to having a good night’s sleep, many individuals will find ways to reduce the pain that their body is experiencing by trying to find solutions to get those beneficial 8 hours. Lêkolîn eşkere dikin that sleep posture has been associated with sleep quality; it is important to identify the factors that could adversely affect a person’s ability to maintain sleep and reduce musculoskeletal issues. Treatments like chiropractic care combined with techniques like the MET (muscle energy technique) can help restore the body through spinal manipulation and stretching of soft muscle tissue when dealing with poor sleep and musculoskeletal problems. Lêkolîn eşkere dikin that the MET technique, combined with other treatments like chiropractic care, can help restore the range of motion to the joints while stretching weak and short muscles affected by musculoskeletal disorders. These combined techniques can relieve the body from pain and help many individuals sleep better while being aware of their bodies when sleeping to prevent future injuries or pain from reoccurring.



Knowing how you sleep and your position is important when it comes to having a better night’s sleep. Many factors are layered on top of one another that can affect the musculoskeletal system and cause the muscles to be tensed and short, which can lead to dysfunction and cause sleep issues. But with the combination of the MET technique and chiropractic treatment, many individuals can get their bodies restored and have a better night’s sleep without feeling muscle pain when waking up.



Cary, Doug, et al. “Examining Relationships between Sleep Posture, Waking Spinal Symptoms and Quality of Sleep: A Cross Sectional Study.” PloS One, Pirtûkxaneya Derman a Neteweyî ya DYA, 30 Çiriya Paşiyê 2021,

Cary, Doug, et al. “Identifying Relationships between Sleep Posture and Non-Specific Spinal Symptoms in Adults: A Scoping Review.” BMJ Open, Pirtûkxaneya Derman a Neteweyî ya DY, 28 Hezîran 2019,

Chaitow, Leon, û Judith Walker DeLany. Clinical Application of Neuromuscular Techniques. Churchill Livingstone, 2002.

Skarpsno, Eivind Schjelderup, et al. “Sleep Positions and Nocturnal Body Movements Based on Free-Living Accelerometer Recordings: Association with Demographics, Lifestyle, and Insomnia Symptoms.” Xweza û Zanista Xew, Pirtûkxaneya Derman a Neteweyî ya DYA, 1 Çiriya Paşiyê 2017,

Wendt, Michał, û Małgorzata Waszak. "Nirxandina Tevhevkirina Teknîkî ya Enerjiya Masûlkeyê û Tedawiya Xala Tepkîyê Di Kesên Asîmptomatîk de bi Xalek Destpêkirina Dereng." Kovara Navneteweyî ya Lêkolîna Jîngehê û Tenduristiya Giştî, Pirtûkxaneya Derman a Neteweyî ya DYA, 14 Çiriya Paşiyê 2020,


Qebizbûna Sciatica: Klînka Vegerê ya El Paso

Qebizbûna Sciatica: Klînka Vegerê ya El Paso

Constipation is a leading cause of low back pain in America and can cause a chain reaction in the rest of the body. When the digestional tract swells, it generates added stress on the back and surrounding nerves. Prolonged constipation and pressure can cause sciatica symptoms. Constipation sciatica can be relieved through chiropractic treatment, therapeutic massage, non-surgical spinal decompression, and functional medicine to alleviate symptoms and restore optimal body function.

Constipation Sciatica: EP's Chiropractic Injury Specialists

Constipation Sciatica

Sciatica is irritation, compression, and inflammation of the sciatic nerve, which supplies the thighs, lower legs, and feet. It is usually caused by a pinched/compressed of one or more spinal nerve roots between the vertebrae of the lower back. The buildup of stool in the intestines can cause a dull aching sensation in the low back that can radiate to surrounding areas. Common causes of constipation include:

  • Insufficient water/hydration levels.
  • An unhealthy diet.
  • Kêmasiya vitamin.
  • Dûbare.
  • Little to no physical activity.
  • Sporadic and unhealthy bowel movements.
  • Overuse of laxatives or enemas.

Other causes of constipation include:

  • Medication reactions.
  • Antacids that contain aluminum or calcium.
  • Calcium channel blockers.
  • Dermanên hesin.
  • Pain medications, especially narcotics.
  • Sedatives.
  • Antispasmodics.
  • Antidepressants.
  • Antîkonvulsantan.


Bowel movements vary for everyone, and not having a movement daily does not mean constipation is occurring. Some individuals have only three movements a week, while others have multiple movements daily. A recommended indicator of constipation is if there has been a sudden decrease in typical bowel movements. The digestive tract occupies a significant region of the lower torso. Back pain symptoms can present after the rectum becomes obstructed or stools have solidified in the colon. Once constipation has developed, the blockage presses against the nerves and muscles of the back. This causes a range of discomfort signaling by the brain, which worsens as the backup grows. Symptoms of general constipation linavxistin:

  • Feeling full despite not eating anything.
  • Gûrbûn.
  • Nepixok.
  • Kezeba zik.
  • Infrequent bowel movements.
  • Discomfort or aching when trying to pass a stool.
  • Hard and/or lumpy stool.

Constipation is considered chronic when two or more of the following symptoms occur for at least three months:

  • Further decreased bowel movements.
  • Ji bo defeqandinê çewisandin.
  • Stools do not loosen without the use of laxatives.
  • Passage of hard pebble/pellet stools.
  • Consistent abdominal pain that is relieved by even slight movement.
  • Feeling as if the bowels are not fully emptied or a blockage in the rectum.
  • Feeling the need to assist the release by pressing on the abdomen.

Tenduristiya Chiropractîk

Chiropractic treatment can realign the spine, release compressed nerves, increase the frequency of bowel movements, and through the massage and relaxation of the muscles, help to soften stools. Intestinal muscles push the stool to the anus, where it leaves/evacuates the body. Special nerve cells in the intestine, known as ganglion cells, innervate the muscles to push. These nerves connect to the celiac ganglion, which connects to the mejî through nerve roots that exit the spine in the lower thoracic and upper lumbar region. The celiac ganglion innervates the liver, stomach, gallbladder, spleen, kidneys, small intestine, and the ascending and transverse colon. Treatment for constipation and back pain depends on the cause of the symptoms. For example, if the constipation is caused by dehydration, a chiropractor will instruct the patient on water intake as part of the personalized treatment plan.

Diagnosis to Recovery


Fernandes, Walkyria Vilas Boas, et al. “The effect of a six-week osteopathic visceral manipulation in patients with non-specific chronic low back pain and functional constipation: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.” Trials vol. 19,1 151. 2 Mar. 2018, doi:10.1186/s13063-018-2532-8

Panarese, Alba, et al. “Chronic functional constipation is strongly linked to vitamin D deficiency.” World journal of gastroenterology vol. 25,14 (2019): 1729-1740. doi:10.3748/wjg.v25.i14.1729

Rédly, Monika. “The effects of chiropractic care on a patient with chronic constipation.” The Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association vol. 45,3 (2001): 185–191.

Trager, Robert James, et al. “Association between radicular low back pain and constipation: a retrospective cohort study using a real-world national database.” Pain reports vol. 6,3 e954. 26 Aug. 2021, doi:10.1097/PR9.0000000000000954

Serêdanên Zêdetir Bikaranîna Derman: Klinîka Vegerê ya El Paso

Serêdanên Zêdetir Bikaranîna Derman: Klinîka Vegerê ya El Paso

Medication overuse headaches – MOH comes from frequent or excessive use of pain-relieving medications, resulting in daily or near-daily headaches for which the drugs become less and less effective. They are also known as rebound headaches, medication misuse, or drug-induced headaches. It is a common disorder, with around one out of every 100 individuals experiencing these headaches yearly. They can be disabling, causing individuals to be less productive. Injury Medical Chiropractic and Functional Medicine Clinic can assess, diagnose, and manage headaches naturally with massage, adjustments, and decompression.

Dermanên Zêdetir Serî: Tîma Chiropractic EP

Medication Overuse Headaches

The same medications that relieve headache pain can trigger headaches if used too often, triggering an unhealthy cycle. Diagnosis of medication overuse headaches means an individual must experience headaches more than 15 days a month for at least three months while taking pain-relieving and/or antimigraine meds and cannot find other cause/s for their headaches. It is more common in women and individuals with headache disorders, chronic pain conditions, and individuals dealing with depression and anxiety.


Symptoms can vary depending on the type of headache being treated and the medicine used. Nîşaneyên hevpar ev in:

  • They occur every day or nearly every day.
  • They usually start when waking up.
  • They improve with the medication but then return as it wears off.
  • Headache can feel like a dull, tension-type headache or more severe, like a migraine.

Nîşaneyên din dikarin bibin:

  • Pirsgirêkên Xew
  • Neheqiyê
  • Pirsgirêkên balkêş
  • Pirsgirêkên bîranînê
  • Xetimandinî
  • Nerazîbûn
  • Neck discomfort and pain symptoms
  • Qelsî
  • Nasal stuffiness and/or Runny nose
  • Hestiyariya sivik
  • Çavên hêsir
  • Hestiyariya dengê
  • Gewrîdanî
  • Vomiting


Doctors and medical experts don’t know the exact reasons/causes why these headaches occur, and the risk varies depending on the medication. But most medicines have the potential to lead to overuse headaches, including:

Simple Pain Relievers

  • Common pain relievers like aspirin and acetaminophen like Tylenol can contribute to the condition. This is especially true if taking more than the recommended dosages.
  • Other pain relievers like ibuprofen – Advil, Motrin IB, and naproxen sodium – Aleve has shown to have a rîska kêm of contributing to overuse headaches.

Combination Pain Relievers

  • Pain relievers that can be purchased at a store that combines caffeine, aspirin, and acetaminophen – Excedrin has been found to contribute to the condition.
  • This group also includes combination prescription medicines that contain butalbital – Butapap, and Lanorinal. Drugs that contain butalbital have a rîska bilind of causing medication overuse headaches.

Migraine Medicines

  • Various migraine medicines have been linked with the condition. They include triptan – Imitrex, Zomig, and certain headache meds known as ergots, such as ergotamine – Ergomar. These medicines have a moderate risk of causing headaches.
  • The ergot dihydroergotamine – Migranal, Trudhesa have a rîska kêmtir of causing headaches.
  • A newer group of migraine medicines known as gepants appear not to cause headaches. Gepants include ubrogepant – Ubrelvy and rimegepant – Nurtec ODT.


  • Opium-derived meds or synthetic compounds have a rîska bilind of causing medication overuse headaches. They include combinations of codeine and acetaminophen.

Prevention and Chiropractic

The following steps can help prevent headaches:

  • Follow the label instructions of the medications and the instructions of the doctor.
  • Sînorkirin any headache medications taken as needed to relieve head pain to no more than two to three days a week.
  • Consult with a doctor if there is a need to take medications more than two days a week.
  • Contact a doctor if headaches present more than four days a month which could require headache-preventive medication.
  • Control and avoid anything that triggers headaches, like stress, dehydration, hunger, certain foods and drinks, and unhealthy sleep.


Our team utilizes a personalized and combined treatment approach, including understanding the triggers. The team will work to understand each individual’s situation. A treatment plan can consist of the following:

  • Therapeutic massage to relax and release tight muscles and increase circulation.
  • Spinal manipulation and adjustments to realign the body, improve function and alleviate the stress on the nervous system.
  • Non-surgical spinal decompression.
  • Coaching Health
  • Pêşniyarên xwarinê
  • Nerrînî retraining, work postures, ergonomics, targeted stretches/exercises, and relaxation techniques.

Chiropractic and Brain Health


Alstadhaug, Karl B et al. “Preventing and treating medication overuse headache.” Pain reports vol. 2,4 e612. 26 Jul. 2017, doi:10.1097/PR9.0000000000000612

Bryans, Roland, et al. "Rêbernameyên li ser bingeha delîlan ji bo dermankirina chiropractîk ya mezinan bi serêşê." Journal of therapeutics manipulative and physiological vol. 34,5 (2011): 274-89. doi:10.1016/j.jmpt.2011.04.008

Diener, Hans-Christoph, et al. “Pathophysiology, prevention, and treatment of medication overuse headache.” The Lancet. Neurology vol. 18,9 (2019): 891-902. doi:10.1016/S1474-4422(19)30146-2

Kulkarni, Girish Baburao, et al. “Medication Overuse Headache.” Neurology India vol. 69, Supplement (2021): S76-S82. doi:10.4103/0028-3886.315981

Negro, Andrea, and Paolo Martelletti. “Gepants for the treatment of migraine.” Expert opinion on investigational drugs vol. 28,6 (2019): 555-567. doi:10.1080/13543784.2019.1618830

Scripter, Cassie. “Headache: Tension-Type Headache.” FP essentials vol. 473 (2018): 17-20.